Nuclear Power Plant: The Fundamentals of the Disaster

While describing recent events in Japan, I’d like to say a few words about the fundamentals of
nuclear power. First and foremost, I must state that the nuclear power plant situation was under
control. In other words, the equipment was free of flaws, posing a low risk to the public.

It’s important to note that the heat source was atomic fission rather than fossil fuel. When I talk
about atomic fission, it’s important to remember that I’m talking about uranium. Given everyone’s
familiarity with the Chernobyl issue, one can assume that the risk was extremely high.

The nuclear chain reaction, however, had to be uncontrolled in this case. In Japan, such a situation
with nuclear power plants seemed unimaginable. Another significant risk was linked to the process
of overheating. In light of the dangers, I must declare that the plant was spared from unfavorable
results. The nuclear power plant was protected by cladding, the reactor vessel, the containment
building, and a dry-wall building.

The effects of a radiation leak

When the earthquake struck Japan, some articles of a nuclear power plant radiation leak surfaced.
Although they claimed that radiation levels were rising, authorities claimed that there was no
threat.

Another intriguing point I’d like to bring out is the parallels between the Chernobyl accident and
the Japanese disaster. In general, I’d want to point out that the two scenarios were not comparable,
as humans caused the 1986 accident, but the nuclear power plant disaster was caused by natural
disasters.

When discussing the effects of radiation on humans, it is necessary to mention that it damages
living tissues. Radiation damages the gastrointestinal system, circulatory system, immunological
system, and other organs. Furthermore, it has the potential to induce cancer and genetic
abnormalities. Radiation can have numerous painful effects on any life, whether humans, plants,
or animals, says Jamie Epstein (2011). The life expectancy of radioactive materials varies.

For example, “Strontium-90 is only radioactive for 53 days in the environment, Uranium-235 is
radioactive for about 700 million years in the environment, Uranium-238 is radioactive for 4.5
billion years, and Rubidium is radioactive for 47 million years” (Epstein, 2011).
Stephen Brozac and Henry Bassman (2011) believe that when it comes to the disaster’s worldwide
impact,

The event’s global implications are becoming clear: despite the fact that a major leak in the plant’s
maintenance pit has been plugged, significant amounts of radioactive water are still likely to be
released into the Pacific Ocean; the global Just-In-Time manufacturing cycle has been disrupted,
and increased levels of radiation have been detected on the horizon.

The significance of safety

When it comes to nuclear power plant building, there are various factors to consider. As a result,
the construction cost of the building, the running cost, the cost of waste disposal, and the cost of
decommissioning must all be considered. The safety of nuclear power plants, on the other hand, is
the most critical factor to consider.

Controlling radioactivity, maintaining core cooling, and maintaining barriers are all vital safety
features. The final component is critical in preventing the spread of radiation.

Radiation dosages at nuclear power plants, according to Nuclearinfo.net, must be carefully
monitored. The most important procedures to prevent rising radiation doses are “monitoring of
individual doses and the work environment, limiting the time a worker spends in areas with
significant radiation levels, physical shielding, and remote handling of equipment in the core of
the reactor” (Nuclearinfo.net, 2012, para. 9).

Regulating the neutron flux is, of course, necessary. The neutron flow must be reduced to minimize
the level of radioactivity. If water cannot cool the system, sodium or sodium salts can be used
instead. As a result, the chemical elements will serve as a cooling agent.

Finally, nuclear power plants should be built far from towns, cities, or villages.

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